Textar expanding locks ensure reliable hand brake function
Leverkusen, 25th of February 2020. The function of a hand brake is clear: it must reliably secure a parked vehicle against accidently rolling away, as well as assist with hill starts. Firstly, the safe functioning of a hand brake requires that it can be fully released at any time. This can be critical if the hand brake lever is taken out of the parking position but the driver does not notice that the parking brake has not fully released the rear wheel. This leads to the brake shoes on the rear axle overheating. This can cause not only a strong odour, but it can even lead to the failure of the brake system itself. This is often caused by blocked expanding locks.
Secondly, material wear or fatigue in the expanding lock can lead to the brake shoes no longer coming into full contact. Due to the lack of sufficient pressure, the vehicle may roll away despite the hand brake being applied. In contrast to electric parking brakes or brake systems that have a brake piston parking brake, expanding locks transfer the force of the hand brake to the brake shoes in a purely mechanical process. They do so by combining two functions: they lock the lever to securely lock the rear wheels; and they act as an adjuster to compensate for wear in the friction material.
Vehicle manufacturers therefore recommend replacing the expanding lock every time the brake shoes are replaced. Textar is now offering 16 expanding locks in its current portfolio, thus covering almost every required application. In addition to good manoeuvrability, attention must also be paid to the material quality of this safety component as imprecise production quality can result in the hand brake not holding under load, such as when parked on an incline.
The expanding lock is a drum brake component. However, vehicles with disk brakes on the rear axle may be affected in the same way if the hand brake is designed as an internal drum brake. Damage to the expanding locks is quite common in this design, as the parking brake linings barely wear and the condition of the hand brake can only be determined when the brake discs are removed. Therefore, BMW, for example, recommends replacing the expanding locks every 4 years.
“There is no better way to ensure the full effectiveness of the hand brake, because when the brake shoes are replaced, the expanding lock can usually be easily checked and replaced”, says Dalibor Stojnic, Global Category Manager at TMD Friction. “It is essential that workshops always use premium quality spare parts to ensure high safety standards.”
TMD Friction_Expanding_locks.jpg: Textar is now offering 16 expanding locks in its current portfolio, thus covering almost every required application.
Photo: Copyright TMD Friction, 2020. Reproduction is permitted free of charge; source must be acknowledged. We kindly ask that a specimen copy be sent to us.
Caption 2: TMD Friction Group logo. (Source and Copyright TMD Friction)
Photo: Reproduction permitted free of charge provided source is cited. Please send us a specimen copy.
ABOUT TMD FRICTION
TMD Friction is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of brake friction materials to the automotive and brake industry. The company’s product portfolio comprises disc brake pads and drum brake linings for passenger cars and commercial vehicles together with friction materials for racing and industrial applications. With its brands Textar, Mintex, Don, Pagid, and Cobreq, TMD Friction has a market-leading position in the global replacement parts market. Under the brand names Cosid and Dynotherm TMD Friction develops and produces friction materials for industrial applications. TMD Friction has operations in Germany as well as in Europe, USA, Brazil, Mexico, China, Japan and South Africa. The TMD Friction Group employs approximately 4,800 people worldwide. TMD is part of the NISSHINBO Group. For further information please visit www.tmdfriction.com
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